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Underground construction in sustainable developmentsThe Underground Developments will only be completed in such Community Developments where the geographical and geological conditions allow for such work to take place uninhibited and with minimal risks.

Why underground? There are some benefits to living, or at least working underground. This will also provide a more ideal environment for research and development in some limited fields of study.

Furthermore, it may provide more protection for humanity against the potential of harm from climate change. It also provides humanity with the ability to store and protect certain assets from the elements and makes it easier to provide more isolated environments for whatever reasons may be necessitated. It also allows for humanity to live and evolve while minimizing their negative impact on the surface of the earth. Finally, it is hoped that ultimately, most, if not virtually all of the transportation system and more utilitarian infrastructure will all be safely and securely housed underground.

There will be locations where underground construction is a viable option and some locations where underground construction cannot be used for anything other than trains, highways and roads and for utilities such as wastewater, electrical and other inter-connected systems. In cases where underground construction is not possible to the extent that few (if any) facilities can be built underground, roads, highways, wastewater systems and utilities will still need to be built. At this level, much of the construction will be conducted utilizing “worms” or tunnel-boring machines so the overall designs will be fairly limited.

Electrical power lines as such will be utilized, will be housed in these underground locations so that they may be protected from storms, high winds and other factors that are potential threats for this system. Wastewater will also be routed underground though this may be in the form of canals and/or sewers depending upon the local environments and the needs for the community developments as shall be determined on a case-by-case basis.

In some cases, the wastewater may be utilized through additional facilities for the purposes of growing algae and/or other similar uses. As many as possible of these facilities will be built underground so as to prevent being an eyesore and to allow for a more complete control over the environment. Wherever possible, it would seem that the best solution for this system of underground facilities will be under the street levels, even wherein the streets are underground also. This may change however, and will be confirmed or denied based on the final reports of the engineers based on the local areas wherein the community developments will be built.

Building the roadways underground will (hopefully) go a long ways towards reducing the overall levels of pollution even in areas with high-density levels of traffic. All of the air within the tunnels must be ventilated out and as such, can be filtered and the particulate matter and the more noxious and toxic gases can be trapped before they are released into the atmosphere unchecked.

There are many different technologies already available for trapping certain gases, and the ventilation system itself is little more than duct-works and high pressure fans. There are also additional benefits to keeping the majority of the traffic underground as well, including lessening the detrimental environmental impact above ground or on the surface.

It should also greatly reduce the number of pedestrians being hit by vehicles. While these numbers are not staggering, they are still tragic and could be readily avoided in such a fashion. With more than a quarter of a million pedestrians being hit by vehicles and killed and even more being seriously injured, it seems worthy of at least a mention.

In some cases, it will be possible to build an entire community development undergroundi. In some cases, it will be a mirror of the community development “up top” and in some cases, it may be the only community development on any given siteii. In what may seem at first glance to be something of a contradiction, those locations that are selected for Special Environmental Zones will be built mostly underground.

There will of course, be some infrastructure above ground, but preferably as little as possible. In other sites, a good portion of the community will be built “up top” but only the underlying infrastructure will be built below ground and in some cases, about the only thing being built up underground will be the means for the utilities and anything else that must, by nature, be networked through the community. Whatever the case may be, the potential for building underground does provide a lot of opportunity for experimentation, research and development.

Like it or not, the climate is changing, has changed for as long as there has been a climate and will continue to change for as long as there is a climate. Selective banning and taxation of the natural cycles are not going to resolve anything. If it is, as some may claim, already too late for the human species to rectify the damage that has been done to the earth’s natural, ever-changing climate, then alternatives need to be looked at for those who do wish to save the human race and allow for the next generations to persevere no matter what the conditions of the earth may be.

What if the entire population of the planet could be moved underground? Should it? Just because something can be done does not necessarily mean it should be done. Still, that does not rule out the need or desirability of creating super-structures and large facilities underground. When large, underground facilities are being built, there is one, very distinct advantage. A vast amount of rock and soil and earth gets moved.

Present technologies are such that currently, most all of the displaced earth is taken somewhere else and unceremoniously dumped, generally to be utilized for nothing more than rocks, ballast, gravel and sand. Current technologies however, allow for the utilization of every minute particle of the earth being moved from the underground construction.

Apart from the benefit in the reduction of movement of raw materials and the reduced traffic and transportation, comes an increase in the availability of the raw materials ... an increase in the available resources without the need to mine them elsewhere. It would be relatively easy to go to the mountain and use the same technologies to absolutely destroy the mountain and all of its diverse and unique ecosystems, but what if enough of the ground underneath the mountain could be moved and fully and more efficiently utilized, without ever touching the mountainiii?

There are currently numerous mining interests looking to purchase both the locations on Ambil and Verde Islands and literally destroy the islands for the purposes of the exploitation of natural resources. In reality, there are probably a great many areas with substantially more resources that can be mined without destroying quite as much diversity anyhow. Unfortunately though, mining is now and will remain for the foreseeable future, very destructive to the local environment and any ecosystems within that environment. The technology being put to use in these cases where underground construction takes place, would allow for a complete extraction of all of the materials from the ground that was displaced.

In short, in locations where the geography allows for one or the other, both of these measures could be applied. Earth-moving and tunneling “worms” can be brought in to remove the ground from the selected location without ever touching the environment or ecosystems on the surface. Quite literally all of the natural resources could be removed from the soil and ground that was moved and the only thing left in its original spot would be construction suitable for housing, storage, industry and other pursuits that are viable within any limitations of underground construction. It is important to note that these methods are not without some risks and certainly not without a fair share of complaints and/or concerns.

First and foremost, it must be noted that not all locations will be subject to underground construction or even capable of supporting such projects from a geological standing. Different engineers have different theories and ideas it would seem, though given the budgets being made available, it may in fact prove to be beneficial to pursue these underground developments wherever possible for a couple of reasons. One would be access to all of the raw materials and natural resources that could be retrieved from such an operation. Another would be the ability to test the reaction of the earth to these underground facilities and the reactions of the different designs of these underground facilities in different types of locations and under different conditions.

Not all of these facilities will be fully habitable from day one but it is hoped that the technologies available in regards to construction would at least allow for some testing and, even if to something of a more limited degree, for the purposes of habitation. In locations where it is known that underground construction is viable and expandable, the community developments will be “mirrored” underground so as to allow for further expansion while at the same time, protecting as much of the surface environment as possible.

There is ample evidence to suggest that any and all such construction underground, at least to the limited depths that will be built, can adequately support the surrounding “natural earth” environment. In other words, the portion being built will be just as strong as the surrounding earth and should not be overtly prone to collapse or creating any major or marked disruption in the natural order of the realm underground. That is not to say that it will not have any environmental impact, only that even building underground, any detriment to the environment will be kept to a minimum.

These locations may also serve very well for the introduction of underground communities along with further testing and advances to provide viable sunlight without the benefit of the sun, maintain constant temperatures and environmental controls and even for agricultural and livestock research and development undergroundiv.

It is definitely not viable to populate large-scale communities underground with the current technologies that are available to the foundation at present. Conversely, there is no reason to believe that RFIs would not produce a great many necessary technologies in addition to a great many more ideas and suggestions. This process will be furthered along even more through the inclusion of websites specifically designed for the sharing of information.

These sites will be open and home to a great many experts covering the entire spectrum of research and development and will also be open to members of the general public. Those ideas, concepts and other technologies and innovations that were deemed to be viable would be funded and tested in the underground laboratories, and research facilities.

Among the first matters to be researched will be the growth of large scale crops (such as rice, wheat and even potatoes and other underground crops) in small or confined spaces, even if the environments they are grown in are isolated. Also, the ability to reproduce and/or capture and/or filter the portions of the sunlight that are necessary for humans so that it can be replicated and/or introduced underground. Further efforts will be researched for long-term housing and underground survival of the species.

i The government denies the existence of most of the major underground facilities including some of the more densely populated ones, but there are ample indications that these facilities do exist. And while the corporations that are working in cooperation with the foundation will neither confirm nor deny their existence, according to Jane’s Defense Weekly, they have a very long (Roughly a hundred years) recorded history of providing underground structural engineers, designers and workers to work on government projects.

ii While no such facilities exist as far as any official ... or at least public records are concerned, according to the reports written in Jane’s Defense Weekly, there seems to be a lot of underground construction on the Arkansas and Missouri border, in and around Denver and of course, the ever-popular Area-51 ... though underground “construction” in the case of Nevada, seems to be more focused on maintenance and upkeep these days. The other areas have seen a marked increase in underground construction over roughly the last fifteen years.

iii The technology does already exist to do this, effectively turning a mountain into nothing as any and all chemicals and minerals would be smelted out and separated, the only “residual” for lack of a better word, being sand which can also be utilized. Still, rather than constructing strip mines, this process can be used for any and all such underground construction projects as will be undertaken, effectively doing away with the need for strip mines. The technology is highly proprietary but available today.

iv While there is no official documentation revealing the extent of the underground community on the Arkansas and Missouri border or the one in Denver, or of the numbers of people actively living and/or working underground, there is ample evidence of an existing, permanent population. There are numerous accounts of highways built for large volumes of tractor-trailer traffic and other indications, including the hiring practices (and locations) of underground engineers and other specialists in large volumes over the course of the last fifteen years by the Defense Department. While it is impossible to say for certain, if indeed such facilities do actually exist, it is very likely that nearly fifty thousand people are working and/or living, at least part time, completely underground.

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