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PROJECTED SCOPE OF PROPOSAL FOR THE ERADICATION OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE AND WASTEWATER EFFLUENT IN THE PHILIPPINES


Illustration 1: The process of funding for the establishment of National Operations within the Philippines. While the original funding in the Projected Scope of Proposal would come from taxpayer dollars through the Government of the Republic of the Philippines, the return would provide a direct and tangible benefit not only to the Government, but to the People and more directly, to those indigent, disabled and other persons of limited means who are currently living in and around the landfills and depend on them to make even the most meager of incomes.

INCLUDING ASSOCIATED PROGRAMS FOR PERSONS DISPLACED BY THESE PROGRAMS INCLUDING THE INDIGENT AND PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES

  1. DOCUMENT REVISION HISTORY

CHANGE

REV#

USE

DATE

Original Draft as Written

1.1

Initial Draft

09 March, 2018

Unedited Copy for Internal Review by Interested Parties

1.1.1

Internal Review

12 March, 2018

Edited Copy for Public Release

1.3

General Distribution

Edited Copy with revision to Copyright referencing the English edition as the official document version

1.5.1

General Distribution Philippines

24 April, 2018

Edited to include references to Senate Bill 363 and a change in the direction of technologies to reflect updates and other technological advancements in the fields of gassification with the elimination of incineration. Also edited to include provisions for the proposal of a Public Private Partnership operation within the Republic of the Philippines

1.5.3

General Distribution

20 January, 2020

  1. COPYRIGHT

© 2018-2020 Ruth Tandaan Sto Domingo

Tel +63 977 340 6881 (Globe)

Tel +63 921 495 4964 (Smart)

For comments or questions, refer all correspondence to: CONTACT US

All Rights Reserved. Published in 2018.

The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of The Gassification Units or the Parent Foundation and/or their subsidiaries, affiliates and/or other associates. The Author does not intend to make any judgments or legal presumptions. The Materials herein must not be considered to be legal advice in any sense or interpretation of the word. This Copyright does not apply to copyright materials not owned and/or created by The Author of this publication. If the material is attributed to another source, please contact the copyright owner or publisher of that source for permission to reproduce it. The Author cannot be held liable for any claims that arise as a result of any use of the enclosed material.

Please contact the author at the email address listed above if you have questions or comments with respect to content, or if you wish to obtain copyright permission to use the material contained herein. The official version of this document is the English Language Version. In the event of any conflict and/or confusion regarding the interpretation of the materials herein, the English Version shall be the version utilized to settle any such confusion and for the purposes of interpretation, wherein possible, with the inclusion of the original Author of this document.


Illustration 2: The current use of both dumps and landfills in the Philippines has proven challenging to properly manage and maintain. Modern technologies however, do provide for a direct means to rid the nation of the need to store more than marginal levels of Municipal Solid Waste, thus reducing the need for landfills to a virtually non-existent statistical anomaly.

  1. INTRODUCTION

Wastewater Effluent, Municipal Solid Waste and other garbage and solid waste materials in the Philippines are building up at an alarming rate. Currently, most of the garbage will be dropped into what are effectively dumps, rarely even landfills11. Those “landfills” that are covered, are often covered incorrectly and there is no managed effort to reforest or reclaim these lands. The end results are often mudslides or even flooding that wash the garbage back into populated areas, often resulting in unnecessary disease and even death to the surrounding populations. While these issues are certainly more pronounced around larger, urban population centers and the big cities, this problem is a common theme throughout the Philippines. Many different current technologies turn this waste into viable, marketable products with a return that generally pays back the entire investment within a three year period.

Additional programs however, need also be put in place so as to accommodate and assist those people who will be both displaced and/or adversely impacted as a direct result of these programs for the ultimate and complete elimination of the need for landfills within the Republic of the Philippines. These programs should include priority for these people in the introduction of both low-skill and skilled labor positions, the provision of basic facilities and educational programs and other paid employment opportunities for those in need of assistance due to the introduction of this program on a domestic scale.

The Proposal is presented herein as a Public-Private-Partnership or PPP Project which can be introduced either as a PPP utilizing the law as set forth for PPP and the Local Government Unit (LGU) and/or for the Domestic or National Government of the Philippines. Likewise, it may also be constructed under either a Build Own and Operate (BOO) or Build Own and Transfer (BOT) Models depending on negotiations and the ultimate determination best suits the needs of both the Government and the People of the Republic of the Philippines. Regardless of the business model that will ultimately be determined during negotiations, the formation of a Not-For-Profit Entity, duly registered and licensed to conduct business within the Republic of the Philippines must be established.

In the event that a BOO business model is selected, this Not-For-Profit Foundation will assume full ownership of the Commercial Venture at such a time as all of the original liabilities have been successfully and completely paid in full. It also needs to be noted, that the Commercial Venture, even when owned by a Not-For-Profit Foundation, will continue to pay taxes in full accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Practices (or GAAP) regardless of ownership2. The Not-For-Profit Foundation will be the primary shareholder and/or owner of the commercial enterprise and as such, fully justified in retaining any and all commercial proceeds.

Additionally, under Foundation ownership and in accordance with Philippine Law, not less than seventy percent of all “net” commercial proceeds (as opposed to gross corporate proceeds) will be utilized for humanitarian pursuits, social assistance and infrastructural development and the supplementation of costs for local infrastructure in areas that are directly affected by the implementation of this program. The focus will first be on appropriate measures to offset any detrimental impact for those displaced or otherwise inconvenienced and/or whose livelihoods are endangered by the implementation of these projects, more exactly, those among the indigent, disabled and/or other individuals and familial units in the same socioeconomic circumstances3.


Illustration 3: Stewardship means providing and caring for, without ruling over or judging. We are all tasked with a responsibility not only to become better stewards of the planet, but among each other. Complex and Systemic problems such as the underlying causes of poverty, require complex and systemic ... and systemically sustainable solutions. Singular solutions to complex, systemic problems will inevitably lead only to failure where systemically sustainable solutions will benefit all.

The current Malampaya Natural Gas Project is scheduled for decommissioning in 2024 and there is great concern about the impact on the ability to produce a sufficient amount of clean electrical current for the Metro Manila area. Additional electrical power can be generated through the utilization of the biodiesel and/or other biofuels produced as a by-product of the solid waste and wastewater effluent processing.

Still, despite the large volumes of waste already in existence, and even with a projected two to three year period to plan, there may still need to be supplements in addition to the biofuels created through the gassification process. If this proves to be the case, it will likely be provided through the introduction of a large-scale permacultural institution that additionally serves to provide even more (though similar) benefits to the indigent, persons with disabilities and other persons in dire need of social assistance4. (These programs are all outlined in more detail within their own respective documents)

The presence of the Not-For-Profit Foundation serves additional purposes as well, including the reclamation of lands once the landfills have been eliminated and production and processing facilities are sufficient to keep up with the constant flow of both Municipal Solid Waste and Wastewater effluent. The areas currently utilized for landfills and dumps will also need to be reclaimed and revitalized after such a time as all of the Solid Waste has been removed. While these efforts are easily provided, the programs of the Not-For-Profit Foundation are such that they would result in the reforestation of these locations through the introduction of large-scale food forests, creating a further benefit to the indigent and other needy persons in addition to providing a number of paid employment, housing and other socially upward benefits for those in need.

The problems of waste generation, re-purposing and utilization are complex in nature, involving environmental, economic and social concerns of great importance. Any solution that only provides a temporary alleviation of a singular symptom is inevitably going to fail. The solutions provided must also be systemic … and more importantly, systemically sustainable in nature, design and implementation. Only then will the underlying causes be successfully and completely eliminated, allowing for even the most humble of citizens to improve their median quality of life.

  1. TABLE OF CONTENTS


  1. Illustration 4: Many of the impoverished, disabled and other underclass and needy citizens of the Philippines are currently scavenging whatever they can from the dumps and can be paid a living wage to provide services for moving the garbage to the Units and sorting out the metals and rocks from the waste. Additional jobs will become available as well, with preference given to those that have been displaced from the implementation of these and other similar projects.

    A DESCRIPTION OF THE PROBLEM

In short, the problem is very simple. The production of solid waste and wastewater effluent have long surpassed the ability to process and/or to manage them in any sustainable levels, much less in a truly sustainable fashion. Waste is being produced faster than it can be taken out and burned or buried. In truth however, this is only part of the problem. Burning or burying the waste creates entirely new problems in the forms of pollutants, erosion, flooding, disease and other problems, further exacerbated by natural and man-made disasters, all generally surrounding large, urban population centers, thus increasing the damage, disease and even death further. Even in properly managed dumps and landfills, the waste is left to rot in the soil. The great aroma emanating from the landfills around the globe is merely natural gas or methane and/or even more dangerous, large volumes of ammonia being released, unchecked into our atmosphere. Given the fact that methane is some twenty-five times more potent than Carbon Dioxide (or CO2) as a Greenhouse Gas, it is surprising that so little is ever said about this release. Worse still, the ammonia bursts can literally kill plants, animals and people. Still, these are just some of the many detrimental impacts that landfills and dumps have on our environment and in our surroundings. Pollutants from the landfills and dumps are “naturally filtered” by the earth … where they are allowed to flow unchecked into local aquifers and other local water supplies that are often utilized in both agricultural and urban environments. In short, even the best managed landfills and dumps are poisoning people, animals and livestock and even our agricultural pursuits. In fairness, there is a concerted effort to fill the natural water supplies with even more chemicals, preservatives and/or other additives to once again make it “safe” for human consumption. And these issues are just the proverbial tip of the iceberg when it comes to the most modern, efficient and well-managed dumps and landfills. In reality, the picture is much bleaker and the toll on both the environment and humanity is unprecedented and must be changed to ensure our survival.

Often times, the landfills and dumps are left to the whims of their operators. Any investigations into operations are generally limited to peripheral visits with little actual time spent in the area of the dump or landfill. Regulations and enforcement are inconsistent at best, even in Industrialized Nations, leaving the reclamation of landfills and dumps even more suspect. When these locations are not properly maintained or reclaimed, the end-result presents environmental and human concerns on a potentially unprecedented scale. As waste and other discarded materials are buried improperly, or left on the surface hopefully to rot away on their own some time in the next few hundred years, nature continues its pursuits around them and in spite of any maintenance that may or may not be underway in these sites. One bad storm can see disease and debris cover the surrounding areas. The stench of the naturally occurring gases can become overwhelming, decreasing the land values and the life-expectancy of anyone living or even working too close to the dumps or fills. Erosion is another pressing concern, often leading to landslides of garbage … literal mountains of garbage pouring down on the local population. Burning the garbage is even worse and more environmentally destructive and unhealthy. So what can be done about all this garbage that is beneficial and supportive of both human and environmental needs and concerns?

  1. THE SOLUTION


Illustration 5: Non-Incinerating Gassification Units are now available in everything from portable sizes that can be attached to the back of a standard truck to full scale waste processing plants in fixed locations.

Virtually all of the garbage and waste that is generated can be processed and re-utilized or re-purposed. Recycling programs are often not viable financially or environmentally, and in many cases, actually create more pollution than the original creation of the materials did to begin with. What has been shown to work and to be wholly sustainable and beneficial, is the utilization of technologies that do not burn or attempt to “reclaim” the original materials disposed of as waste, but rather to extract the materials that can be further utilized and that are beneficial, without leaving any traces behind. This is the principle behind the Gassification technologies that will be introduced should this project move beyond the scope of a mere proposal. In fact, all of the solutions currently under consideration for this proposed project, comply fully with Republic Act 9003 and with the more recently introduced Senate Bill 363 should it be passed into law.

All of the waste materials, with the exception of rocks, toxic materials and metals, are deposited into the Gassifiers wherein they go through a natural process of decomposition, albeit at a highly accelerated rate. The Gassifiers can do in hours what nature takes weeks or longer to accomplish. When the process is completed, there is no waste remaining, and the only “byproducts” are fully marketable and market-ready products for which there is already an existing demand. These byproducts include Biochar and Biofuels and potable water, though some distillation may be required in order to more fully process the residual water supply.

The Biochar is carbon that is highly concentrated and serves a great many different purposes. As such, it can be sold at full retail in numerous commercial markets. In addition to being marketed, and useful in its own right as a soil-additive, a portion of this Biochar will be further processed and developed along with the effluent from more traditional, slower digesters and composters within the Community Service Center where it will be used in the pursuit of agricultural security and increasing the crop production and overall yield of agricultural goods from within the Philippines5. Further, these products will undergo testing and further development within the Community Service Center(s) at the same time, providing jobs and educational opportunities for those underclass citizens selected from those people that are displaced from within the affected regions of the Philippines6.

The Biofuels are obviously marketable but the market for these products may rapidly be expanding and increased as the Malampaya Natural Gas Project is gearing down production in sight of its scheduled decommissioning in the year 2024. While most of the currently available Gassifiers will provide for a net loss from the standpoint of Natural Gas (or methane) directly, NG Production will increase in conjunction with the Piggeries established within the Community Service Centers and the utilization of more traditional digesters and composters. The Biofuels can also be used for the operation of electrical generators of a size substantial enough to continue the flow of electrical current to Manila, uninterrupted and not relying on antiquated, coal-burning technologies.

  1. WASTE TO ENERGY AND THE MALAMPAYA GAS PROJECT

Whether or not the Waste To Energy Program will be sufficient to fully replace the Malampaya Gas Project upon its decommissioning in 2024 remains dependent upon the ultimate selection in technologies that will be used. Some of the more promising (and less polluting) solutions have a net loss in methane production. However, when combined with a fully operational Permacultural Center and Community Service Center, replete with ten thousand breeder sows and more traditional digesters, it should be sufficient to replace the vast majority of clean, alternative energy resources currently produced through the Malampaya Gas Project (MGP).

At present, most of the recommendations for replacement of the MGP include a heavy reliance of foreign benevolence and sending much needed revenue out of the country. The establishment of a viable alternative that is wholly owned and operated by Filipino citizens would ensure that most, if not all of the expenditures would be domestic in nature and serve to further strengthen the Gross Domestic Product, the Gross National Product, and when aligned with the associated Not-For-Profit institution, would also serve as a means to fund job training and paid employment placement programs for the formerly indigent citizens who are forced to live in and around the landfills in operation.

  1. COMMUNITY SERVICE CENTERS

The proposed Community Service Center will include a Permacultural Institute in addition to a Community Service Center that is designed to alleviate both the symptoms and the root causes of poverty within the Philippines. While the actual design is subject to change based on the contributions of the Architect(s), Planner(s) and Designer(s) selected for the final plan, this should serve as an indication of what is being proposed and the overall purpose and functionality of the finalized Community Service Facilities, Service Centers and even the full Community Developments at such a time as they become a more viable option. All services provided by and functions of the proposed Facility will be in full compliance with domestic law7 within the Republic of the Philippines and the International Center for Not-For-Profit Law (ICNL) standards.

While the concept of Whole System Sustainable Development is only now making its way on to the global stage, the concepts of Systemic Sustainability have been around for more than a century in the modern school of planning, design and implementation. All of the projected proposals herein are aimed at maintaining the basic principles of Sustainable Development while at the same time creating a System, albeit a complex system in nature, to address and to resolve the Systemic causes, continuation and even the individual symptoms of poverty faced in the world of the underclass citizen.

Sustainability is perhaps best defined as the ability to provide for all of the necessities of today, without in any way impeding the ability of future generations to provide for their basic necessities in the future, both near and distant.

All of the proposed programs will employ a minimum of ten percent of their personnel from among the underclass citizens within the local region of the programs being implemented. Furthermore, while maintaining economic and financial stability, these Service Facilities such as the one proposed here, will also provide feeding programs for the local indigent class and schools insofar as it is capable within the limitations of production. Additional work will be ongoing and continual training will be provided in the necessary life skills to elevate the median quality of life index for all people, most notably among them, persons with disabilities, the indigent and otherwise impoverished persons in need of assistance. Success will be measured by the ability of these families and individuals to reintegrate into “normal” society as productive and contributing members of said society.

At such a time as full Community Developments are established, a variation of a Resource Based Economic System will be established for members of the Indigenous tribes in addition to those freely associating as members within the Organized Civil Society, though remaining in full and complete compliance with Philippine Law and working also as an economic contributor to the Government of the Republic of the Philippines and to stabilize and strengthen both the GNP and GDP therein. Ideally this facility will ultimately be built across both Verde and Ambil Islands conveniently located within the Verde Island Passage8. Such a system will work so as to provide a direct access capability to all of the local indigenous persons while at the same time providing a global showcase facility attracting foreign tourist dollars and worldwide professionals and students in regards to Whole System Sustainable Developments.

Within the scope of the current proposal, production will be sufficient to house ten thousand breeder sows for the means of production of pork. Fish production will not be quite so vast given the necessary time for raising fish from fingerlings to full size. Fruit and vegetable production will also be somewhat limited, though should be vastly superior to other locations growing agricultural produce in more traditional methods. The roof of the facility will house numerous vertical gardens for production. Additionally, the facility itself will also provide the local indigent residents with a sufficient means to keep, store and even sell their own produce at full retail rates, rather than selling at highly discounted prices in order to avoid loss as is currently the case without any adequate storage spaces available to the general public or the indigent class of persons.

The educational facilities will focus on basic life skills in addition to the utilization of modern standards for food handling and storage. The storage of goods produced locally will afford the local populace to retain the majority of their production for personal consumption and/or allow them to sell their goods at or near full retail value. This ability is currently inhibited due to the rapid rotting of fresh produce and livestock harvests and the inability of the local population to access viable storage areas for proper food handling.

In addition to the courses in basic life skills, there will also be technical, vocational and even scholastic training made available, free of charge to those that have a history of requiring support from the DSWD and other government agencies. Training however, is incomplete without the provision of viable opportunities to gain paid employment and real-world experience. This will be facilitated through the introduction of commercial interests owned by the foundation. These commercial interests will pay full taxes in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Practices (GAAP or otherwise, pay taxes as any corporate operation would) and as the owner, the Foundation will ensure that a minimum of seventy percent of net proceeds are utilized for nothing other than the direct and tangible benefit of the local residents, with benefits and beneficiaries being selected from more distant areas as operations and opportunities are expanded outwards from the Sagrada Facility.

  1. ORIGINAL BUSINESS STRUCTURE

The commercial venture will remain wholly commercial in nature and shall be duly registered and licensed to conduct business within the Republic of the Philippines. Ownership shall be determined by such parties as shall be deemed to be necessary, prudent and/or beneficial to the successful conclusion of this Public Private Partnership Program. Given the nature of the business however, it is imperative that full and complete ownership shall be restricted to citizens of the Republic of the Philippines. However, it should also be noted that not less than seventy percent of the net proceeds of said commercial interests, shall be used solely for the funding of a Not-For-Profit foundation as shall be established to work in full and complete cooperation with the commercial interest, such additional commercial interests as shall be built by the foundation, and for the establishment and funding of such programs as provide a direct and tangible benefit to those persons displaced from the landfills, other indigent persons, persons with disabilities, the indigenous peoples of the Republic of the Philippines and/or other such underclass citizens as currently live below global standards for determining impoverishment and who are at risk.

The Foundation shall be established as a separate and unique corporate person, not to be considered as a partner of the corporation in any legal sense. The Foundation shall retain full legal and corporate personhood and shall have the right in accordance with Philippine Law of establishing corporate and commercial interests owned wholly and completely by the Foundation. In such a fashion, the Foundation shall not be dependent upon outside sources of funding, but shall establish itself as an Economically and Financially Sustainable Entity capable of funding its own projects including both the expansion of existing projects and the implementation of new projects.

1 In a landfill, the garbage is generally stored in a section of ground at a lower elevation and then filled in and covered with dirt and reforestation at such a time as it has been filled to capacity. This is bad enough environmentally speaking, but it does at least provide some advantage insofar as it hides the actual problem of the excessive garbage. Most of the dumps within the Philippines are, even if covered, only covered haphazardly, often leading to even more hazardous floods and landslides as the areas that have been filled in erode and wash away. All of the byproducts from the KOMO Helioconverter technologies are marketable and aid in the restoration of balance without any detrimental impact on the environment.

2 Unbeknownst to the group who originally “discovered” this business model, it is not unique. In fact, this is the very same principle utilized by some of the larger and more prevalent religious institutions in their ownership of commercial and even private properties. If there is any striking difference, it is the guarantee that not only will the commercial interests continue to pay taxes in accordance with GAAP but also that a minimum of seventy percent of all commercial proceeds will be used to provide a direct and tangible benefit to the People of the Republic of the Philippines through both social assistance programs and/or infrastructural development and operations.

3 The organizational structure of governance within the Philippines allows for the immediate provision of services to these people as there are already records in place from the ongoing efforts of the DSWD Liaison within each and every Barangay.

4 Please email the author at  CONTACT US for more information regarding the Permaculture Institute, Systemically Sustainable Community Developments and other programs that have been designed to greatly reduce poverty within the Philippines and to assist the indigenous people through a cooperative effort with the Tribal Government of the Philippines and others who are in need of improving their median quality of life.

5 In the 1980’s the Philippines was a net exporter of rice and was teaching proper methods of rice-farming to nations throughout SE Asia and Asia proper. Today, more than twenty percent of the rice consumed in the Philippines has to be imported. This is due in no small part, to the rapid increase of nitrates and other chemical compounds and toxins into the soils in the forms of artificial and chemical fertilizers.

6 The educational and job opportunities created through the Community Service Center will place a priority on the provision of education, jobs, training, skills, tools and opportunity to those underclass citizens who have been further displaced from the dumps due to the utilization of the gassifier technologies. While a large number of these people will be directly employed within the dumps, in an effort to increase the efficiency of moving the garbage, while at the same time reducing the costs, there will be further opportunities provided for others who may not be so capable or well-suited to the task of moving garbage and waste all day … primarily among the children of those affected.

7 Philippine Law prohibits not-for-profit organizations from directly competing with commercial interests under certain circumstances. Corporate entities will be established by RTSD® in order to allow for lawful commercial interests to be pursued for the benefit of the underclass citizens and for the generation of positive proceeds for the ben9efit of owners and/or investors. All corporations will pay taxes under Generally Accepted Accounting Practices (or GAAP) regardless of ownership by the foundation.

8 Send an email to  CONTACT US if you would like to receive the Projected Scope of Proposal for the Verde and Ambil Island facilities as envisioned by RTSD and as tentatively agreed upon by and between RTSD and the Tribal Government of the Philippines as well as to ask any questions directly of the proponents and designers of all of these projects.

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